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Commentary on the Apocalypse by Beatus of Liébana

Illustrated Beatus manuscripts bring to life an extraordinary vision of the end of the world, as recorded by Saint John in the Apocalypse (Book of Revelation) and filtered through the lens of Beatus of Liébana, an eighth-century Asturian monk.
Some manuscripts include St. Jerome's Commentary on Daniel, which includes illustrations of "Nebuchadnezzar's Army Besieges Jerusalem" and "Daniel in the Lions' Den".

The San Miguel Beatus Codex, Spain, c.960AD
Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. Ms 644


The death of the two witnesses

The victory of the Lamb over the kings



Jerusalem Besieged



Nebuchadnezzar's Army Besieges
Jerusalem

Daniel in the Lions' Den
while Darius Lies Sleepless

The Valcavado Beatus Codex, Spain, 970AD
Valladolid, Biblioteca de la Universidad, MS 433


The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Jerusalem Besieged



The Antichrist Kills
the Two Witnesses


The Urgell Beatus Codex, Spain, 975AD
Musei Diocesá de La Seu d'Urgell


The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

The Siege of Jerusalem



Nebuchadnezzar's Army Besieging Jerusalem



The Gerona Beatus Codex, Spain, 975AD
Girona Cathedral, Catalonia


Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Horseman Fighting a Dragon

Jerusalem Besieged



The Facundus Beatus Codex, Spain, 1047AD
Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, Ms Vit.14.2


The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse



The Army Of Horsemen On Lion-Headed Horses



The victorious Christ
The Word of God



Harvest



Siege of Jerusalem



Nebuchadnezzar's Army Besieging Jerusalem


Darius lies sleepless while Daniel's feet are licked by the lions


Beatus de Saint-Sever, 1028-1072AD, Southwestern France.
Bibliothèque nationale de France, manuscript Latin 8878


Abraham Sacrificing Isaac



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse



Monstrous Cavalry



Ten Kings and their Army



Victory of the Lamb



Kings mourning
about Babylon

Eschatological Combat



Darius lies sleepless



The Osma Beatus Codex, Spain, 1086AD
Cathedral of El Burgo de Osma (Soria). Archives. Cod. 1.


The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Deaths of the Patriarchs Enoch and Elias

Victory of the Lamb



The Victorious Christ
The Word of God

The Silos Beatus Codex, Spain, 1090-1109AD
British Library Add. MS 11695.


f102v Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

f136v The Riders on Lion-Headed Horses

f143r The Antichrist Kills the Two Witnesses

f194r A Knight



f196r The Rider upon the White Horse


f198v Triumph of the Rider over the Beast



f222v Siege of
Jerusalem



f223r Nebuchadnezzar's Army attacks Jerusalem



f239r Daniel in the Lions'
Den while Darius Lies Sleepless

The Turin Beatus Codex, Spain, early 12th century
Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria di Torino, Sgn I. II. 1


The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Jerusalem Besieged



The Cardena Beatus Codex, Spain, early 12th century
Archaeological Museum, Madrid


The Antichrist Kills the Two Witnesses


Rylands Beatus Codex, Spain, c.1175
John Rylands University Library


The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Angel Attacks Locusts

The army on lion-headed horses



Jerusalem /
Death of the two witnesses


Victory of the Lamb

Where kings or merchants lament for Babylon

Christ goes with his army to fight against the devil

Two men attack large boar with mallets

The Antichrist


Nebuchadnezzar besieges Jerusalem

Jerusalem under siege

Daniel in the Lions Den
while Darius Lies Sleepless

The Lorvão Beatus Codex, Portugal, 1189AD
Arquivo Nacional Torre do Tombo


The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

The great earthquake
Lorvão Beatus

Horses with heads of lions

The death of the two witnesses

Harvest and vintage
Lorvão Beatus

The host of heaven

The Navarra Beatus Codex, Navarre, late 12th century
Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, Manuscript Nouvelle acquisition latine 1366


Combat contre le Dragon
Fight against the Red Dragon

Victoire de l'Agneau
Victory of the Lamb

Faux prophète dans le feu
False prophet in the fire

Las Huelgas Beatus Codex, Spain, 1220AD
Morgan Pierpont Library M.429


The Four Horsemen
of the Apocalypse



Darius lies sleepless



Horsemen On Lion-Headed
Horses

Capture of the Beast
and of the False Prophet

The army of Nebuchadnezzar besieges Jerusalem


Arroyo Beatus Codex, Spain, c.1220AD
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Manuscript Nouvelle acquisition latine 2290


The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse



The Army Of Horsemen On Lion-Headed Horses



The death of the two witnesses




The victorious Christ
The Word of God

Triumph of the Rider over the
Beast


The Antichrist


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Other Spanish Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers
Index of Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers