It was the Chinese Warlord Chang Tsolin who first introduced tanks to China. Surprised during the North Offensive by the Chiang Kai Shek army, he bought several Renault FT Tanks (M1918) from France in 1927. It is uncertain how these tanks were used in combat, but they were eventually captured by the Japanese and the Chinese Nationalists. The tanks captured by the Japanese army were deployed in the Kwangtung Army and later used during the Manchurian Incident. The Nationalists in the meantime also bought 36 Renault FT tanks. However, they were not used in action but were used mainly for training.
Carden Loyd Mk VI Tankette
After 1930 the Nationalists hired several German military advisers. Though the German advisers were not particulary eager to teach the Chinese, they convinced the Nationalists to purchase many European weapons through a German company with which the German advisers conspired. The Nationalists bought Italian L.3/35, German Pz-I A and British 12-ton tanks. The exact name of the British 12-ton Tank is unkown.