Illustrations from an
Atlantic Bible, south French, late 11th century
Prologue to Jerimiah, Ms. Edili 125-126, f212r





A detail of the King and his guard (portrayed as a late 11th century soldier)


Next: "Soldiers of Holofernes", Atlantic Bible, south French, late 11th century, Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana, Ms. Edili 125-126, f42v

Italia centrale (Toscana), sec. XII in.
Dimensions: 570 × 398mm
Source: BML, Firenze



Referenced on p153, Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350, Western Europe and the Crusader States by David Nicolle.
288A-I   The Atlantic Bible, southern France, late 11th century
(Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana, Ms. Edili 125-126, Florence, Italy)


A - Expulsion of Moses' mother, f.27r; B - C - Soldiers of Holofernes, f.42v; D - f.212r; E - Expulsion of Moses' mother, f.27r; F - f.99r; G - f.88v; H-I - f.99r Simple maces or clubs are illustrated twice in this manuscript (D and E). Otherwise the military equipment is straightforward, consisting of spears, kite-shaped shields, and short-sleeved, short-hemmed mail hauberks. One such hauberk has slightly longer sleeves (G) while others lack coifs (A, B, H and I). None are shown with ventails across the face or hanging unlaced on the chest. These hauberks do, in fact, seem to be of a simpler, earlier form than those illustrated in other late 11th-century southern French sources. But the helmets are of basically the same variety as seen in various carvings. These include round forms with rims but no nasals (C, F, H and I), slightly-pointed forms with rims but no nasals (H-I), and tall conical types with integral nasals (A and B).
For terms in italics see Terminology in Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350 - Western Europe and the Crusader States - David Nicolle



See also French Soldiers in Saint Aubin defends Guérande, France, end of the 11th century
Bible of Saint Stephen Harding, France, c.1110AD
11th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers