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Guillaume de Durford
Santissima Annunziata Church, Florence
Santissima annunziata chiostro grande Tomba del cavaliere.
Referenced on p.226, Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350, Western Europe and the Crusader States by David Nicolle.
603 Carved relief on tomb of Guilelmus Beraldus, Tuscany, c.1290
(in situ Convent of the Annunziata, Florence, Italy)
This is perhaps one of the most important sources for the arms and armour of late 13th century Italy.
It shows a horseman wearing a conical, perhaps fluted helmet with a very small brim.
This is an unusual helmet which has features in common with both the cervellière and the early bascinet.
It is probably worn over a coif rather than having its own aventail.
The rider has a long-sleeved mail hauberk with fingered mittens, mail chausses, and perhaps laminated or scale-lined sabatons on his feet.
His legs are also protected by sheets of cuir-bouilli (hardened leather) forming greaves,
a specialised type of cuisse, and a poleyn, the last perhaps being of metal.
The fleurs-de-lys on the upper part of his surcoat are not repeated on the lower section.
They are probably decorations surrounding and to some extent hiding the outer rivets of a coat-of-plates.
The rider carries a typical late 13th-century sword and shield.
At his hip, however, he has a large dagger, a feature not normally seen elsewhere in Western European art until the 14th century.
The precocious presence of this weapon probably resulted from Italy's close contacts with Byzantium and the eastern Mediterranean.
A knight of c.1289 in Armies of Feudal Europe 1066-1300 by Ian Heath, based on this sculpture of Guillaume de Durford
See also: A man-at-arms on the late 13th century Seal of the Guild of St George of Ferrara.
The Florentine Army, c.1260-1325 By Guy Halsall
Italian Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers