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Referenced on p34, Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350, Western Europe and the Crusader States by David Nicolle
44 Incised monumental brass of Sir Brocardus de Charpignie, France, c.1270
(via Courtauld Institute, London, England)
It would be useful to know more about this monumental brass. Such a style of tomb memorial probably first appeared in northern France around the mid-13th century, Dinant being the main production centre for the copper alloy (latten) of which they were made. Monumental brasses became popular in England from the late 13th century but this early and archaic example may have originated in Flanders or the Rhineland. The warrior appears to have a form of bascinet, but even more interesting is the piece of armour that he wears over his long-sleeved mail hauberk. This has squared shoulders and is fastened by three laces, buckles or toggles on each shoulder. It probably did not come much below his waist and it is clearly not a form of surcoat. This might, in fact, be an early representation of a hardened leather cuirie or quiret.